In 1770 the first convicts were transported here by Captain Cook and he claimed the whole of Australia to be British and ignored the indigenous people that lived there. Convicts were sent her because the government of England needed another place to take its prisoners besides the U.S.A. Botany Bay in Austria was considered to be the best place. The British hopped that Austria would be a rich place for timber and flax as well as a place to establish a naval base.
On May 13th 1787 there were eleven ships sent from Portsmouth and onboard there were 759 convicts. They were given animal and farm implements and in January 26th 1988 the first colonists of Australia arrived at Port Jackson.
More fleets were sent in 1790 and 1790; the first settlers lived in wooden huts but late made brick houses for themselves. Convicts that worked hard were given grants of land and freed.
During 1793-1815 very few people were sent there due to the French and English wars. In 1795-1800 John Hunter became the second governor of Australia and then in 1800-1806 by Philip King Under the leadership of King the convicts settled in Tasmania. In 1913 a pass was found which enabled them to spread further inland. Over the years there were several rebellions in Australia by convicts. Sheep were also brought to Australia and they flourished. Through the 1800s Australia grew rapidly.
Brisbane was founded in 1825. Western Australia was founded in 1829. Perth was founded in 1829 as well. In 1835 Melbourne was founded. Settlers started to arrive in 1815 fleeing poverty in England. By 1840 there were 160,000 white sin Australia. There were also wars with the Indigenous Australians over the years. In 1901 the population of Australia hit 3.7 million.
Climate in Australia
Australia has predictable weather the highs in winter can be 20-24 degrees with little rain. In the summer Sydney, Melbourne, and Adelaide have temperatures between 24-33 degrees.
Language in Australia
Most people in Australia speak English but there arе many bilingual people in the country.
Australia Major Cities
- Sydney 4.6 million
- Melbourne 4.1 million
- Brisbane 2.1 million
- Perth 1.8 million
Things to do in Australia (Cities and main point of interest)
There arе plenty of smaller island around Australia that are well worth visiting. Kangaroo Island is a 50km-long paradise. Another great island is King Island.
The Great Barrier Reef offers snorkeling and diving adventures. Hiking and backpacking are also popular activities to do in Australia.
Outback road trips get you out to see the countryside with gorges, waterfalls, and rivers to view as well as any wildlife you find along the way.
Sydney and Melbourne are two of the most popular cities to visit and they have plenty of shops and nightlife to keep you entertained. During the year the country also has several sports tours such as the Australian Open and the Grand Prix.
Food and Restaurants in Australia
Australia has a lot of varied foods. During the colonial period when convicts arrived on the shore they didn’t have much to eat so they ate what they could find.
Popular foods today include Anzac biscuits, Macadamia nuts, Emu, Pea and ham soup, as well as Lamingtons which is often called the “National Cake”. Other foods include lamb roast, calamari, fish and chips, prawn cocktails, and sausage rolls..
Shopping in Australia
Melbourne has tons of varied brands when it comes to shopping. At the Queen Victoria Markets, you cаn get fresh food as well as gifts. On Prahran’s Chapel Street you can find more upscale designers.
Sydney features many varied stores such as the Market Street department store and the Pitt St Mall. The Queen Street Mall is Brisbane has over 500 stores.