They were said to be from the Mediterranean in origin while other have said they came from Ireland, France and other areas. The Tartesso were the most advanced Iberians. By the 1200s B.C. Celtic tribes came here and they mixed with the Iberians and created a Celt-Iberian mix.
Phoenicians established colonies here in 1100 B.C. with Gadir being the first and it’s today’s Cadiz. Greeks also cam here and founded colonies along the coast of the country. The Punic Wars saw the Carthaginians invade Spain and large parts of it were conquered.
Once Rome defeated the Carthaginians, they invaded the colonies of Spain and conquered the entire country. Spain absorbed the Roman culture and today there are traces of it in their language. In 419 Gothic tribes established a kingdom here. Over the years many different wars were fought in Spain. Muslims and Christians fought for control of most of the country. In 1492 the last Muslim stronghold of Granada fell to the Christians.
In 1492 Spain was one of the most powerful kingdoms in the ‘Golden Age.” By the 15th century the Kingdoms of Portugal, Castile, and Aragon were established in Spain. In the early 15th century the Spanish expanded with the voyage of Christopher Columbus. Through the later centuries they were involved with wars with the French, English, and other countries. The French revolution and Napoleonic wars saw Spain lose most of its territory. At the end of the 1800s Spain lost its overseas old colonies to the United States in a brief war.
Spain has several climates. The Mediterranean climate features dry and warm summers and cool and wet winters. The Iberian Peninsula can have temperatures over 35 degrees with low temperatures in the winter. In Madrid the average summer temperature is in the mid-20s.
The language of Spain is mainly Spanish but there are other languages spoken just like many other countries.
Spain uses the European Euro; their former currency was the peseta.
Spain Major Cities
- Madrid About 3.2 Million
- Barcelona About 1.6 Million
- Valencia About 800,000
- Sevilla about 7000,000
Things to do in Spain (Cities and main point of interest)
Madrid has been the capital since 1576 and has many historic monuments. There’s the royal castle and museums such as Renia Sofia, and El Prado.
Barcelona is the second largest city and many famous artists of the world have lived here. There’s great architecture this area. Painters such as Dali and Picasso spent a large amount of time in this area.
In the north you’ll find Basque Country which is very famous for its cuisine. Tourists love this area. There are great nature and mountain areas here. In Bilbao you’ll find the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao a famous museum.
Restaurants in Spain
There are many different dishes served in Spain. There’s plenty of seafood due to the large coastline. Potato omelette, stews, paella, and sausages are common dishes in Spain. Due to the diverse country there are many different foods consumed. Dishes based on beans, and soups, as well as bread are consumed on a regular basis. Pork is a common meat consumed in Spain.
Shopping in Spain
Madrid has many good ships and malls for your needs. There’s the “golden mile” with many prestigious Spanish brands and other luxury items. The “rasto” is a street market with many nice goods as well.
Barcelona is a bit of fashion showcase area and home to some exclusive boutiques well worth visiting. Try the Gótico and El Born areas for avant-garde trends.
Valencia is a fashionable city and you’ll find all the trends here. Stroll the streets by the city hall and you’ll find great places to browse in.