In 1536-1798 Switzerland has confederacy of 13 cities. Several families control affairs and the military crushes several rebellions in the territory. In 1798-1802 there’s a revolution in Switzerland as well as occupation by French troops. In 1803-1815 a civil war brings the Helvetic Republic to an end and Napoleon enforces a constitution under his mediation.
In 1848 Switzerland becomes a federal state and combines some elements of the US constitution with its own. They hold to this constitution still. In the 1800s and the early 1900s Switzerland is one of the first industrialized nations in Europe. Through the First World War Switzerland is neutral. In World War II the Second World War also neutral but gave some concessions to the Germans to avoid invasion. Today this is politically stable country.
In the western part of Switzerland the precipitation tends to be higher as clouds come in form the Atlantic here. There is also considerable rain in parts of the Alps mountain range. These rains are often accompanied by winds. In the east the valley Engadin receive very little rain and in the south Valais also gets little rain. There’s around 1700 hours of sunshine in Switzerland per year
In Switzerland there are four main languages spoken. The languages spoken are German, French, Italian, and Romansh. The Roamnsh language is left from the descendants of Romans who invaded the country centuries ago.
The Swiss use the Swiss Franc currency. This is the only Franc still used in Europe. The Swiss haven’t adopted the Euro which is found in most of Europe today.
Switzerland Major Cities
- Zurich about 380,000
- Geneva about 183,000
- Basel about 164,000
- Bern about 121,000
Things to do (Cities and main point of interest)
There are many great things to do in Switzerland. Here’s a short list of just some of them. Hiking is a common activity in Switzerland due to the many beautiful mountain ranges in this area. One popular area is this country is Interlaken, where you can skydive or waterski. The city of Bern features many older buildings and history of this country. Watch shopping is a must in this country as the time pieces are very good. Taking trains in this country is also another popular activity due to the sheer beauty of the landscapes.
Visit the old town in Zurich or the Museum of Art. The Church of the Old Lady is a famous religious building with stained glass windows. The Zurich opera house is also an excellent place to see a show. There are many great museums in Geneva such as the museum of Natural History. In Lucerne visit the Sauvabelin Tower am immense wooden tower built in 2003.
In Switzerland you’ll find many influences in their food. Zürcher Geschnetzeltes is a regional dish and it consists of veal strips with mushroom and a cream style sauce. Italian pizza and pasta is popular here. Fondue and Raclette are popular cheese dishes. Rosti is a very popular potato dish found throughout this country. Muesli is a common breakfast food. Zopf is Swiss speciality bread served on Sundays and has German origins.
Cheese is a very popular food in Switzerland and there arе plenty of places in the the country to find great cheese products. There are many markets in Switzerland where you can find excellent cheeses. The Zurich airport offers duty free shopping experiences so you can take products home with you. For chocolate lovers there’s the Chocolate Frey company is Switzerland which sell amazing chocolates. A trip to Switzerland isn’t complete without getting some of these amazing chocolates. In Lucerne you’ll find Bucherer which is known for its excellent time pieces as well as jewellery. For beer lovers there’s Appenzell beer in this country.